Documentation

mc ilm rule add

Changed in version RELEASE.2022-12-24T15-21-38Z: mc ilm rule rm replaces mc ilm add.

Syntax

The mc ilm rule add command adds an object lifecycle management rule to a bucket.

The command supports adding both Transition (Tiering) and Expiration lifecycle management rules.

The following command adds new lifecycle management rules to the mydata bucket on the myminio deployment:

mc ilm rule add --expire-days 90 --noncurrent-expire-days 30  myminio/mydata

mc ilm rule add --expire-delete-marker myminio/mydata

mc ilm rule add --transition-days 30 --transition-tier "COLDTIER" myminio/mydata

mc ilm rule add --noncurrent-transition-days 7 --noncurrent-transition-tier "COLDTIER"

The configured rules have the following effect:

  • Delete objects more than 90 days old

  • Delete objects 30 days after they become non-current

  • Delete DeleteMarker tombstones if that object has no other versions remaining.

  • Transition objects more than 30 days old to the COLDTIER remote tier.

  • Transition objects 7 days after they become non-current to the COLDTIER remote tier.

The command has the following syntax:

mc [GLOBALFLAGS] ilm rule add                               \
                 [--prefix string]                          \
                 [--tags string]                            \
                 [--expire-days "integer"]                  \
                 [--expire-all-object-versions]             \
                 [--expire-delete-marker]                   \
                 [--transition-days "string"]               \
                 [--transition-tier "string"]               \
                 [--noncurrent-expire-days "integer"]       \
                 [--noncurrent-expire-newer "integer"]      \
                 [--noncurrent-transition-days "integer"]   \
                 [--noncurrent-transition-tier "string"]    \
                 [--site-gt "string"]                       \
                 [--size-lt "string"]                       \
                 ALIAS
  • Brackets [] indicate optional parameters.

  • Parameters sharing a line are mutually dependent.

  • Parameters separated using the pipe | operator are mutually exclusive.

Copy the example to a text editor and modify as-needed before running the command in the terminal/shell.

Parameters

ALIAS
Required

The alias and bucket on the MinIO deployment to which to add the object lifecycle management rule.

For example:

mc ilm rule add myminio/mydata
--prefix
Optional

Restrict the management rule to a specific object prefix.

For example:

mc ilm rule add --prefix "meetingnotes/" myminio/mydata --expire-days "90"

The command creates a rule that expires objects in the mydata bucket of the myminio ALIAS after 90 days for any object with the meetingnotes/ prefix.

--tags
Optional

One or more ampersand &-delimited key-value pairs describing the object tags to use for filtering objects to which the lifecycle configuration rule applies.

This option is mutually exclusive with the following option:

--expire-all-object-versions
Optional

New in version mc: RELEASE.2024-02-24T01-33-20Z

Expire all current and noncurrent versions of an object. Use with the --expire-days option to specify the number of days after which all versions of an object should be deleted by the scanner process.

After the scanner processes this command, no versions of the object remain on the deployment.

--expire-days
Optional

The number of days to retain an object after being created. MinIO marks the object for deletion after the specified number of days pass. Specify the number of days as an integer, e.g. 30 for 30 days.

For versioned buckets, the expiry rule applies only to the current object version. Use the --noncurrent-expire-days option to apply expiration behavior to noncurrent object versions.

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

Mutually exclusive with the following options:

For more complete documentation on object expiration, see Object Expiration and Object Deletion.

--expire-delete-marker
Optional

Specify this option to direct MinIO to remove delete markers for objects with no remaining object versions. Specifically, the delete marker is the only remaining “version” of the given object.

This option is mutually exclusive with the following option:

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

For more complete documentation on object expiration, see Object Expiration and Object Deletion.

--transition-days
Optional

The number of calendar days from object creation after which MinIO marks an object as eligible for transition. MinIO transitions the object to the configured remote tier specified to the --transition-tier. Specify the number of days as an integer, e.g. 30 for 30 days.

For versioned buckets, the transition rule applies only to the current object version. Use the --noncurrent-transition-days option to apply transition behavior to noncurrent object versions.

Requires specifying --transition-tier.

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

For more complete documentation on object transition, see Object Transition (“Tiering”).

--transition-tier
Optional

The remote tier to which MinIO transition objects. Specify an existing remote tier created by mc ilm tier add.

Required if specifying --transition-days.

--noncurrent-expire-days
Optional

The number of days to retain an object version after becoming non-current (i.e. a different version of that object is now the HEAD). MinIO marks noncurrent object versions for deletion after the specified number of days pass.

This option has the same behavior as the S3 NoncurrentVersionExpiration action.

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

--noncurrent-transition-days
Optional

The number of days an object has been non-current (i.e. replaced by a newer version of that same object) after which MinIO marks the object version as eligible for transition. MinIO transitions the object to the configured remote tier specified to the --transition-tier once the system host datetime passes that calendar date.

This option has no effect on non-versioned buckets. Requires specifying --noncurrent-transition-tier.

This option has the same behavior as the S3 NoncurrentVersionTransition action.

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

--noncurrent-transition-tier
Optional

The remote tier to which MinIO transitions noncurrent objects versions. Specify a remote tier created by mc ilm tier add.

--noncurrent-expire-newer
Optional

The maximum number of non-current object versions to retain, ordered from newest to oldest.

Use this flag to retain a certain number of past versions of a file in a first in, first out fashion. After retaining the maximum number of non-current versions, MinIO marks any remaining older non-current object versions as eligible for expiration.

The following table lists a number of object versions and their expiration eligibility based on --noncurrent-expire-newer 3:

v5 (current version)

Current version not affected by ILM rules.

v4

retained

v3

retained

v2

retained

v1

marked for expiry

MinIO retains the current version, v5. MinIO also retains the next 3 non-current versions, starting with the newest. This means MinIO marks v4, v3, and v2 for the three non-current version to retain.

v1 would be a fourth non-current version, which falls outside the limit of non-current versions to retain, so MinIO marks v1 for expiration.

Updating the number for this flag only impacts the unmarked versions of objects. Any versions already marked for expiration do not change if you increase the number to retain.

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

--size-gt
Optional

New in version mc: RELEASE.2023-12-02T02-03-28Z

Select objects larger than the specified value. Enter the value as a number and a unit, such as 5GiB for 5 gibibytes.

Valid units include:

Suffix

Unit Size

k

KB (Kilobyte, 1000 Bytes)

m

MB (Megabyte, 1000 Kilobytes)

g

GB (Gigabyte, 1000 Megabytes)

t

TB (Terrabyte, 1000 Gigabytes)

ki

KiB (Kibibyte, 1024 Bites)

mi

MiB (Mebibyte, 1024 Kibibytes)

gi

GiB (Gibibyte, 1024 Mebibytes)

ti

TiB (Tebibyte, 1024 Gibibytes)

--size-lt
Optional

New in version mc: RELEASE.2023-12-02T02-03-28Z

Select objects smaller than the specified value. Enter the value as a number and a unit, such as 1M for 1 megabyte.

Valid units include:

Suffix

Unit Size

k

KB (Kilobyte, 1000 Bytes)

m

MB (Megabyte, 1000 Kilobytes)

g

GB (Gigabyte, 1000 Megabytes)

t

TB (Terrabyte, 1000 Gigabytes)

ki

KiB (Kibibyte, 1024 Bites)

mi

MiB (Mebibyte, 1024 Kibibytes)

gi

GiB (Gibibyte, 1024 Mebibytes)

ti

TiB (Tebibyte, 1024 Gibibytes)

Global Flags

This command supports any of the global flags.

Examples

Expire All Bucket Contents After Number of Days

Use mc ilm rule add with --expire-days to mark bucket contents for expiration after a number of days pass from the object’s creation:

mc ilm rule add ALIAS/PATH --expire-days "DAYS"
  • Replace ALIAS with the alias of the S3-compatible host.

  • Replace PATH with the path to the bucket on the S3-compatible host.

  • Replace DATE with the number of days after which to expire the object. For example, specify 30 to expire the object 30 days after creation.

Transition Non-Current Object Versions at a Prefix to a Different Tier

Use the mc ilm rule add with --prefix and --transition-tier to transition older non-current versions of an object to a different storage tier.

mc ilm rule add --prefix "doc/" --transition-days "90" --trasition-tier "MINIOTIER-1"  \
       --noncurrent-transition-days "45" --noncurrent-transition-tier "MINIOTIER-2"    \
       myminio/mybucket

This command looks at the contents with the doc/ prefix in the mybucket bucket on the myminio deployment.

  • Current objects in the prefix older than 90 days move to the MINIOTIER-1 storage tier.

  • Non-current objects in the prefix older than 45 days move to the MINIOTIER-2 storage tier.

  • Both MINIOTIER-1 and MINIOTIER-2 have already been created with mc admin tier add.

Expire All Objects at a Prefix, Retain Current Object Versions Longer Than Non-Current Object Versions

Use the mc ilm rule add command with --prefix, --expire-days, and --noncurrent-expire-days to expire current and non-current versions of an object at different times.

mc ilm rule add --prefix "doc/" --expire-days "300" --noncurrent-expire-days "100" myminio/mybucket

This command looks at the contents with the doc/ prefix in the mybucket bucket on the myminio deployment.

  • Current objects expire after 300 days.

  • Non-current objects expire after 100 days.

Transition noncurrent versions in the prefix /doc with a size greater the 1MiB

Use the mc ilm rule add command with --prefix, --size-gt, and --noncurrent-expire-days to expire current and non-current versions of an object at different times.

mc ilm rule add --prefix "doc/" --size-gt 1MiB --transition-days "90" --transition-tier "MINIOTIER-1" \
      --noncurrent-transition-days "45" --noncurrent-transition-tier "MINIOTIER-1" \
      myminio/mybucket/

This command looks at the contents with the doc/ prefix in the mybucket bucket on the myminio deployment.

The command selects the following objects:

  • Current objects older than 90 days larger than 1MiB.

  • Non-current objects older than 45 days larger than 1MiB.

Selected objects transition to MINIOTIER-1.

Required Permissions

For permissions required to add a rule, refer to the required permissions on the parent command.

Behavior

Lifecycle Management Object Scanner

MinIO uses a scanner process to check objects against all configured lifecycle management rules. Slow scanning due to high IO workloads or limited system resources may delay application of lifecycle management rules. See Lifecycle Management Object Scanner for more information.

Expiry vs Transition

MinIO supports specifying both expiry and transition rules in the same bucket or bucket prefix. MinIO can execute an expiration rule on an object regardless of its transition status. Use mc ilm rule ls to review the currently configured object lifecycle management rules for any potential interactions between expiry and transition rules.

S3 Compatibility

The mc commandline tool is built for compatibility with the AWS S3 API and is tested with MinIO and AWS S3 for expected functionality and behavior.

MinIO provides no guarantees for other S3-compatible services, as their S3 API implementation is unknown and therefore unsupported. While mc commands may work as documented, any such usage is at your own risk.